Back to Basics: Investment Asset Classes

Previously in the Back to Basics series, I have written about:

Today, we shall be perusing at what’s out there and what’s available for us to invest in.

Generally, there are four major asset classes available.

They are:

  1. Equity
  2. Cash/Money Market Securities
  3. Fixed Interest Securities
  4. Property

Here are some explanations and examples of the above-mentioned asset classes:

EQUITY MARKET

In the most simplistic sense, equity is another name for stocks or shares.

Examples that come under this category are:

  • Malaysian stocks
  • Australian company stocks
  • Unit trust funds/managed funds/mutual funds
  • Foreign stocks

CASH/MONEY MARKET

The money market forms a part of the debt market. Generally, securities traded in the money market have maturity periods of less than 12 months. Maturity basically means, your positions will be exited within the time frame.

Examples:

  • Bills of Exchange
    • Bank Bills
    • Treasury Bills
  • Promissory Notes
  • Certificates of Deposit
  • Treasury Notes
  • Unit trust fund or mutual funds dealing with money markets

FIXED INTEREST MARKET

This is the other portion of the debt market. Generally, securities traded in this market have maturity periods of more than 12 months. Contrast this with the money market securities above.

Examples:

  • Government Bonds
  • Corporate Bonds/Debentures
  • Unit trust fund or mutual funds dealing with fixed interest markets


PROPERTY MARKET

What comes under this heading? Well, your guess is most probably right. Property market is basically whatever there is out there connected to real estate such as houses, apartments, commercial buildings, lands, factories, and etc.

Examples:

  • Direct property investment
  • Indirect property investment such as unit trust or mutual funds specialising in the property market
  • Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) / Property Trusts

We shall look at each of the asset classes in detail in future articles.

Disclaimer: This article is not a specific nor general advice on managing or investing your money. This article does not constitute a recommendation nor does it take into account your investment objectives, financial situation nor particular needs.

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About nadlique

This blog is about the journey of a 28-year-old Malaysian towards financial freedom. This blog was started back when the blogger was 21 years old. However, his journey towards financial freedom had begun way before that. Materials such as investing, business, entrepreneurship, equities, and real estate are presented. The author also posts his thoughts and observations on life in general.

Comments

  1. Could also explain from islamic points of view. i.e which is most probably prone to riba.

  2. When it comes to equity, there are equities that are syariah compliant. Companies that are syariah-compliant, unit trust funds that are syariah-compliant, and etc.

    For money market and fixed interest market, if I’m not mistaken, there are Islamic equivalents for them.

    For properties, I believe, there’s really nothing un-Islamic about them. I guess as long as all the loans process are in accordance to the Islamic principles, then all is fine.

    I’m not really an expert in Islamic Finance unfortunately. Still learning too 🙂

  3. To be honest, I really hate this subject back when I was at university; sleepy feeling surrounded me everytime my lecturer opened his mouth. I only got credit for this subject.

  4. Touché! Haha.

    I agree with you, they can be rather boring at times.

    Oh well, got to soldier on.

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